Thursday, 21 December 2017


The largest demonstration was held in Ahmedabad on 25 August 2015, and was attended by thousands. The 10% reservation was quashed by the Gujarat High Court in August 2016. Later, there were incidents of violence and arson across the state, resulting in a curfew in several cities and towns. The state returned into normalcy by 28 August. Despite talks with the government, the agitation recommenced and turned violent again on 19 September. The government announced a scheme which offered scholarships and subsidies toward general category students on 24 September 2015 and a 10% quota of spaces reserved for economically backward classes in April 2016. Properties and vehicles worth crores[B] of rupees were damaged and destroyed.

The Supreme Court capped the reservation at 50% in their 1992 judgement in the Indra Sawhney case. In Gujarat, 27% of the seats in government and education are reserved for OBC, ].5% of all seats.In India, the Other Backward Caste (OBC) status invokes affirmative action which provides reserved quotas in education and government jobs.5% for Scheduled Castes and 15% for Scheduled Tribes for a total of 49.

In the 1980s the proportion of reserved seats was 10%; by 2014 it had increased to 27%. It resulted in anti-reservation agitation across the state, which spilled over in riots that resulted in more than one hundred deaths. He was supported by Kshatriya, Harijan, Adivasi and Muslims, collectively called KHAM. Solanki resigned in 1985 but later returned through power, winning 149 out of 182 assemblyseats.The SEBC (later the OBC) list initially comprised 81 communities, which by 2014 had expanded to 146 communities.In 1981, the Government of Gujarat, headed by Indian National Congress (INC) chief minister Madhavsinh Solanki, introduced the reservation for socially and economically backward castes (SEBC) based on recommendations of the Bakshi Commission. This caused other communities, including Patidars, to lose the political influence which later alienated the INC. Patidars represents 12.3% of the population of Gujarat.